Pelvic Wellness Program
URINARY INCONTINENCE EDUCATION AND SELF-HELP
Dietary Bladder Irritants
The following foods and beverages may irritate your bladder. Bladder irritants may exacerbate or act as a trigger to worsen the symptoms of incontinence.
The following foods cause worsening of symptoms in MOST people:
The following foods cause worsening of symptoms in SOMEpeople:
Milk or milk products
Citrus fruit and fruit juices (orange, grapefruit, tomato)
Tomatoes and tomato products
Highly spicy foods (Jalapeno, spicy tomato, hot sauce)
Sugars (raw sugar, corn syrup, honey, artificial sweeteners)
Carbonated beverages (with or without caffeine)
The following foods and beverages are often NOT IRRITATING to the bladder:
Reducing your fluid intake will result in the urine becoming more concentrated and will further irritate the bladder. This will result in more symptoms of frequency and/or urgency. You should be consuming _____ ounces of fluid per day (which is about _____ cups). Caffeinated and alcoholic beverages do not count toward this amount of fluid because these substances dehydrate the body. Of this total fluid intake, two-thirds should consist of water. Therefore, you should be consuming _____ ounces of water per day or about _____ cups. Fluid intake should always be spaced throughout the day.
Decreasing bladder irritants and obtaining the proper amount of fluid will improve your overall bladder health and result in a decrease in symptoms of frequency, urgency, and incontinence.
The following is a list of medications that may cause temporary incontinence or make existing incontinence worse:
- Diuretics: cause more urine to be produced and may create frequency and urgency
- Sedatives, Hypnotics, and Alcohol: cause sedation and drowsiness and may cause leakage before getting to the toilet
- Pain Relievers: act similarly to sedatives, hypnotics, and alcohol
- Antihistamines / Anticholinergics / Cold remedies / Antipsychotics/ Antidepressants: may cause urine retention from relaxation of the bladder and/or increased strength of the bladder outlet muscles
- Calcium Channel Blockers
- Anti-Parkinsonian Agents